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Number of hospital beds and doctors in cities and counties, 1952 - 2002 (in 10,000)

Source: China Statistical Yearbook, 2003, Table 21-36, p. 806.
Note 1: Before 1978 statistical data are questionable - particularly during the period of the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution.
Note 2: Doctors include traditional healers, university-trained doctors and physicians with a university certification.
According to these official statistics, the health infrastructure of counties and cities (which can be taken as approximation for rural and urban areas) developed quite differently: While the number of hospital beds in cities (urban areas) increased - particularly in the 1980s and 1990s, it decreased in the counties (rural areas).
This concentration of medical facilities in cities can be also observed among the medical personnel: Since the early 1980s the number of doctors and university-certified physicians in cities exceeded the number of doctors and physicians in the counties. The number of medical doctors and physicians in the counties stagnated or even declined since 1988.

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This data section was updated on 18 December 2011

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Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. - 18 April 2012