Number of hospital beds and doctors in cities and counties, 1952 - 2002 (in 10,000)

Source: China Statistical Yearbook, 2003, Table 21-36, p. 806.
Note 1: Before 1978 statistical data are questionable - particularly during the period of the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution.
Note 2: Doctors include traditional healers, university-trained doctors and physicians with a university certification.
According to these official statistics, the health infrastructure of counties and cities (which can be taken as approximation for rural and urban areas) developed quite differently: While the number of hospital beds in cities (urban areas) increased - particularly in the 1980s and 1990s, it decreased in the counties (rural areas).
This concentration of medical facilities in cities can be also observed among the medical personnel: Since the early 1980s the number of doctors and university-certified physicians in cities exceeded the number of doctors and physicians in the counties. The number of medical doctors and physicians in the counties stagnated or even declined since 1988.

Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. - 30 Sept. 2012