China and India:
Estimated and Projected Population by Age Groups, 1950 and 2050
Source: United Nations
Population Division (2003): UN Population Estimates and Projections.
The 2002 Revision, New York
Note: Charts produced with DemoTools '05 software.
According to these UN projections, China
will experience a dramatic population aging in the next few decades.
By 2050 almost half of the population will be 45 years and older and
23% will be 65 and older. By contrast, India will have a much younger
(but also much larger) population in 2050: some 40% will be 45 or
older; but less then 15% will be 65 and older.