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Timeline: Chronology of Key Events: The 1960s

All Events

1950s

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

Policy

Economy

Science

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Environm.

Society

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The 1960s

 

I

1960: Almost all research is focused on the development of nuclear technology.

 

T

1960: With availability of gasoline and electricity in the 1960s, farmers begin to use tube wells for irrigation in Northern China.

 

V

1960: Increasing use of tube wells for irrigation in Northern China will lead to groundwater depletion in the 1990s.

 

T

1960, July: Khrushchev recalls Soviet advisors and technical experts in China. Open conflict between China and USSR. External Link

 

E

1961-1965: Increase in production and import of agricultural inputs (fertilizers, machinery, pesticides)

 

E

1961-1965: Readjustment and recovery: "Agriculture First" policy. Food situation improves.

 

M

1962: Border conflict with India over areas in the Himalaya.

 

S

1962-1972: In the 1960s China's population growth peaks. Between 1962 and 1972 some 300 million babies are born.

 

S

1962-1972: High population growth (average of 26.7 million birth per year) in the late 1960 increases pressure on natural resources.

 

P

1964, Jan.: China and France establish diplomatic relations. Taiwan's embassy in Paris is closed. External Link

 

M

1964, Oct.: Test of first nuclear bomb in China. External Link Nuclearweaponsarchive.org

 

P

1965: Tibet becomes autonomous region. External Link

 

P

1966: The "Little Red Book". Climax of Mao-cult.

 

L

1966-1976: During Cultural Revolution China's jurisdiction essentially ceases to operate.

 

S

1966-1968: Destruction of "The Four Olds": Old ideas, old culture, old customs, old habits.

 

D

1966-1976: 10 years of turmoil at schools and universities seriously harm China's intellectual elites.

 

P

1966-1976: Mao's political concept of a "permanent cultural revolution" paralyzes his political enemies.

 

E

1966-1976: Between "Cultural Revolution" and Mao's death stagnation in agriculture and industry.

 

R

1966-1976: During the Cultural Revolusion, religious practice is condemned as feudalistic.

 

P

1966-1976: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - a decade lost in anarchy and chaos.

 

M

1967, June: Test of first nuclear fusion device in China

 

T

1968: The Space Flight Medical Research Centre is founded in preparation for manned space flights (led by Tsien Hsueshen).

 

P

1969: Mao Zedong anoints Lin Biao as his heir apparent. External Link US Library of Congress, Country Profile: China. Feb. 20050

 

M

1969, March: Clash with Soviet troops at Damanskii Island (Zhen Bao) of the Ussuri river (Wusuli Jiang).

 

O

1969, Oct.: First line of Beijing's subway is completed. External Link

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china-profile.com - 18 April 2012