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Timeline: Chronology of Key Events: The 1990s

All Events

1950s

1960s

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1990s

2000s

Policy

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Society

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The 1990s

 

H

1990: Tenthousands of blood plasma donors in rural areas are infected with HIV. External Link

 

M

1990: Modernization of the People's Liberation Army begins.

 

P

1990-2006: Waves of public protests, particularly in rural areas, are concerning the Chinese government. External Link Tanner, Murray Scot (2006)

 

E

1990-2004: The process of restructuring and / or closing of state-owned enterprises is accelerated.

 

S

1991: First McDonald's Restaurant opens in Beijing.

 

M

1992: China ratifies the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

 

E

1992: Deng Xiaoping accelerates market reforms to establish a "socialist market economy".

 

R

1992: Falun Gong religious movement was founded by Li Hongzhi from Changchun, Jilin province

 

V

1993: Production of the pesticide DDT is officially stopped (but illegally used for several subsequent years).

 

V

1993: Widespread concerns among environmentalists about the Three Gorges Dam project.

 

S

1994: The Chinese government launches its ambitious "8-7 Plan" for eliminating extreme poverty by the year 2000. External Link

 

T

1994: China connected to NSFNET (Internet).

 

R

1995: Massive program to rebuild Buddhist temples is started in the mid-1990s.

 

D

1995: Educational legislation stipulates a 9-year compulsory education. External Link

 

T

1994, Dec.: Start of the "Three Gorges Dam" project.

 

S

1995: Between 1978 and 2004 China reduced the population in severe poverty from 250 to some 26 million. External Link National Bureau of Statistics, Communiqué on 2004 Rural Poverty Monitoring0

 

C

1995: In the late 1990s lifestyle magazines begin to proliferate, promoting a new image of educated, elegant career women. External Link Landsberger's Chinese Propaganda Posters, Wikipedia

 

E

1995: Overheating of the economy: 17% Inflation rate.

 

V

1995, Oct.: Earthquake in Yunnan (6.5 at Richter scale). 50 people die and 6,000 are injured. 170,000 people homless. External Link US Geological Survey (USGS)0

 

M

1996: China acquires missile technology from two American companies: Hughes and Loral.

 

M

1996: Stop of the sub-terrain nuclear weapons test program.

 

T

1996, Feb.: China launches Long March 3B orbital carrier rocket for communication satellites. Wikipedia

 

P

1997, Feb.: Death of Deng Xiaoping. External Link BBC News.0

 

P

1997, July: China gets control over Hong Kong's sovereignty. External Link CIA, The World Fact Book, 20060

 

V

1997, Oct.: Certain environmental offenses are treated as crime and are included in the criminal code of China.

 

T

1998: The Microsoft and Intel corporations establish high-tech research facilities in Beijing. External Link

 

V

1998: WHO reports that of the ten most polluted cities in the world, seven can be found in China. External Link WHO

 

V

1998: Worst flooding in years - 230 million people affected and 3,656 dead. External Link US Library of Congress, Country Profile: China. Feb. 20050

 

P

1998: Zhu Rongji follows Li Peng as China's Premier.

 

E

1998-1999: Slow-down of the Chinese economy - partly due to Asian Financial Crisis.

 

I

1998, Jan.: Government cuts down redundant and inefficient manpower in the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science, Vol. 279. no. 5351, p. 6490

 

V

1998, April: One of the most devastating sandstorm in decades is raging in Beijing for two days, blocking sunlight. External Link

 

I

1998, Aug.: Chinese Government initiates "Project Yangtze" which provides special funds to leading researchers. External Link

 

M

1999: China develops the neutron bomb, which can be used for tactical purposes.

 

M

1999: The U.S. Cox-Dicks Committee accuses China of using espionage to steal neutron bomb and technology.

 

R

1999: The Falun Gong movement is declared illegal in China and a threat to national security.

 

P

1999: Cooling of US-China relations after NATO bombs Chinese embassy in Belgrade, former Yugoslavia.

 

D

1999, Jan.: New university legislation becomes effective. Gives greater autonomy to universities.

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china-profile.com - 18 April 2012