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Timeline: Chronology of Key Events

256 Events. Updated: October 12, 2013

All Events

1950s

1960s

1970s

1980s

1990s

2000s

Policy

Economy

Science

Technology

Environm.

Society

Culture

Military

Health

Legal

Education

Religion

Other

 

P

1949, Oct.: Proclamation of the People's Republic of China. External Link

 

I

1949, Nov.: China founds Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), merging Academia Sinica (Nanjing) and Beiping Academy (Beijing). Lewis, John Wilson / Litai, Xue (1988): China Builds the Bomb (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press), p. 43.0

 

The 1950s

 

L

1950: New marriage law bans polygamy and arranged marriages. Tries to strengthen women's status.

 

P

1949, Dec.: Mao Zedong travels to Moscow to negotiate a friendship treaty with Joseph Stalin. External Link

 

D

1950-1953: Socialization of the educational system. Introduction of Soviet-style curricula.

 

S

1950-1955: Mao favors pro-natalistic population policy.

 

H

1950-1955: Significant improvement of food security among small-scale peasants due to land reform.

 

P

1950, Feb.: China and the Soviet Union sign "Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance". External Link

 

E

1950, June: Agrarian Reform Law. Land of landlords and wealthy farmers is re-distributed to millions of peasants

 

M

1950, Oct.: Chinese People's Volunteer Army invades Korean Peninsula to support their North Korean allies agains the USA. External Link US Library of Congress, Country Profile: China. Feb. 20050

 

M

1950, Nov.: The People's Republic of China takes control of Tibet.

 

P

1951: Vatican and China break off diplomatic relations.

 

P

1951: United Nations places a global arms embargo on China because China's involvement in Korean War.

 

E

1953-1957: 1. Five Year Plan focusing on Soviet-style development of heavy industries.

 

P

1956-1957: "Hundred Flowers" campaign misleads intellectuals to complain about problems.

 

H

1956, Aug.: First mass mobilization for birth control by the Ministry of Public Health has very little impact.

 

T

1956, Sept.: The Sino-Soviet agreement on technological aid in the field of nuclear industry is signed in Moscow. External Link

 

P

1957-1958: "Anti-Rightist" Campaign is used by Mao to eliminate critical intellectuals.

 

D

1957, March: Foundation of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (Zhongguo nongye kexueyuan). External Link

 

E

1958: All land is collectivized and farmers are organized into (large) People's Communes.

 

P

1958: Begin of the "Great Leap Forward" campaign. Ashton, et al. (1984)

 

D

1958: First introduction of the Pinyin phonetic spelling system for Romanization of Chinese words.

 

S

1958-1961: Utopian ideas for transforming the family, marriage, and children's education ("new human being").

 

T

1958-1961: Mao's program of rural industrialization leads to absurd technology of backyard furnaces for steel production.

 

V

1958-1961: Large-scale deforestation due to cultivation of wooded areas and firewood demand (backyard furnaces).

 

P

1959: Sino-Soviet relations deteriorate dramatically. The Soviet Union is restricting transfer of science and technology to China. External Link Wikipedia

 

C

1959: Revolutionary romanticism: Monumental nature painting in Great Hall of the Peoples (Fu Baoshi, Guan Shanyue).

 

E

1959-1961: "Great Leap Forward" triggers largest famine in human history with an estimated 14-30 million casualties.

 

M

1959, March: Tibetan population revolts against Chinese occupation is suppressed with "iron fist". External Link

 

The 1960s

 

I

1960: Almost all research is focused on the development of nuclear technology.

 

T

1960: With availability of gasoline and electricity in the 1960s, farmers begin to use tube wells for irrigation in Northern China.

 

V

1960: Increasing use of tube wells for irrigation in Northern China will lead to groundwater depletion in the 1990s.

 

T

1960, July: Khrushchev recalls Soviet advisors and technical experts in China. Open conflict between China and USSR. External Link

 

E

1961-1965: Increase in production and import of agricultural inputs (fertilizers, machinery, pesticides)

 

E

1961-1965: Readjustment and recovery: "Agriculture First" policy. Food situation improves.

 

M

1962: Border conflict with India over areas in the Himalaya.

 

S

1962-1972: In the 1960s China's population growth peaks. Between 1962 and 1972 some 300 million babies are born.

 

S

1962-1972: High population growth (average of 26.7 million birth per year) in the late 1960 increases pressure on natural resources.

 

P

1964, Jan.: China and France establish diplomatic relations. Taiwan's embassy in Paris is closed. External Link

 

M

1964, Oct.: Test of first nuclear bomb in China. External Link Nuclearweaponsarchive.org

 

P

1965: Tibet becomes autonomous region. External Link

 

P

1966: The "Little Red Book". Climax of Mao-cult.

 

L

1966-1976: During Cultural Revolution China's jurisdiction essentially ceases to operate.

 

S

1966-1968: Destruction of "The Four Olds": Old ideas, old culture, old customs, old habits.

 

D

1966-1976: 10 years of turmoil at schools and universities seriously harm China's intellectual elites.

 

P

1966-1976: Mao's political concept of a "permanent cultural revolution" paralyzes his political enemies.

 

E

1966-1976: Between "Cultural Revolution" and Mao's death stagnation in agriculture and industry.

 

R

1966-1976: During the Cultural Revolusion, religious practice is condemned as feudalistic.

 

P

1966-1976: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - a decade lost in anarchy and chaos.

 

M

1967, June: Test of first nuclear fusion device in China

 

T

1968: The Space Flight Medical Research Centre is founded in preparation for manned space flights (led by Tsien Hsueshen).

 

P

1969: Mao Zedong anoints Lin Biao as his heir apparent. External Link US Library of Congress, Country Profile: China. Feb. 20050

 

M

1969, March: Clash with Soviet troops at Damanskii Island (Zhen Bao) of the Ussuri river (Wusuli Jiang).

 

O

1969, Oct.: First line of Beijing's subway is completed. External Link

 

The 1970s

 

M

1970: In the mid-1970s China's relations with Vietnam begin to deteriorate. Violent incidents along the Sino-Vietnamese border.

 

T

1970: First satellite launch ("Long March").

 

V

1970-1980: Based on a 50-year forest inventory, researchers find that between 1970 and 1980 Chinese forest expanded significantly. Science, Vol. 292. no. 5525, pp. 2320 - 2322 (June 22, 2001)0

 

P

1970-1976: "Gang of Four" with Mao's wife is trying to get influence by spearheading the "Cultural Revolution".

 

P

1970-1976: Mao Zedong is increasingly disappearing from public life due to health problems.

 

T

1971, March: Successful launch of the SJ-1 statellite into orbit with two scientific payloads (detecting cosmic rays). External Link Globalsecurity.org0

 

P

1971, July: Henry Kissinger secretly visits China.

 

P

1971, Sept.: Lin Biao is killed in airplane crash while fleeing after an attempted military coup.

 

P

1971, Nov.: The People's Republic replaces the Republic of China (Taiwan) in UN Security Council. External Link

 

H

1972-1973: Group in State Council of China mobilizes resources for a nationwide birth control campaign, which has little impact.

 

P

1972, Feb.: Visit of US President Richard Nixon to China. Normalization between US and China begins. External Link

 

P

1973: The rivalry between the USSR and China now affects every aspect their foreign policy. US Central Intelligence Agency (1973): Possible Changes in the Sino-Soviet Relationship. National Intelligence Estimate.

 

C

1974: Discovery of "Terracotta Army" in tomb near Xian with thousands of statues.

 

M

1974, June: China has a force of about 130 nuclear delivery vehicles - half missles and half bombers. External Link US Central Intelligence Agency (1974): China's Strategic Attack Programs. National Intelligence Estimates, NIE 13-8-74

 

H

1975: Maximum recommended family size - in cities: two children, in rural areas: three to four children

 

P

1976, Jan.: Death of Premier Zhou Enlai.

 

V

1976, July: Massive earthquake (7.8 Richter scale) devastates the city of Tangshan (Hebei Province). At least 270,000 people die.

 

P

1976, Sept.: Chairman Mao Zedong dies at the age of 82. "Gang of Four" with Mao's widow tries to get into power. External Link BBC News.0

 

D

1977: After the end of the Cultural Revolution the national unified entrance examination for unitversities is re-introduced. External Link

 

E

1977: Hua Guofeng starts "Open Door" policy, which is later incorporated in Deng Xiaopings "Four Modernizations" program. External Link Landsberger's Chinese Propaganda Posters0

 

P

1977: Deng Xiaoping wins the power struggle after Mao's death.

 

R

1978: The 1978 Constitution of the People's Republic of China guarantees freedom of religion with a number of restrictions. External Link

 

D

1978: Pinyin system approved by State Council as the standard system of phonetic spelling of Chinese words.

 

E

1978-1990: Introduction of Pragmatism in China's political and economic system. Promotion of market elements.

 

E

1978-1979: Deng Xiaoping introduces stepwise economic reforms: "The Four Modernizations".

 

P

1978-1979: "Democracy Wall" in Beijing with pro-democratic posters.

 

H

1978, June: State Council establishes a new "Birth Planning Small Leading Group" to strengthen family planning. External Link Susan Greenghalgh, 20050

 

T

1978, Sept.: E-mail link is established between Germany and China (CSNET protocol). First message from China: Sept. 20.

 

L

1979: First modern environmental legislation in China.

 

P

1979: Diplomatic relations are established between the US and China.

 

E

1979: Introduction of the "Household Responsibility System" in agriculture greatly improves China's food security.

 

H

1979: Introduction of China's strict "One-Child" family planning program at provincial level, in 1980 at national level. External Link Susan Greenghalgh (2005)0

 

D

1979, Jan.: Pinyin phonetic spelling system officially adopted by PRC government.

 

P

1979, Jan.: U.S. President Jimmy Carter visits China.

 

M

1979, Feb.: China invades Vietnam (for 29 days) after Vietnamese troups had ousted the pro-Beijing Pol-Pot regime in Cambodia. External Link Globalsecurity.org0

 

L

1979, July: New Criminal Code becomes effective, legally banning torture and physical punishment of suspects.

 

The 1980s

 

E

1980: Special Economic Zones in Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou (Guangdong), Xiamen (Fujian), and the entire province of Hainan. External Link Wikipedia0

 

M

1980: Stop of the surface test program of nuclear bombs near Lop Nor in Xinjiang province after 23 tests. External Link

 

P

1980: Early 1980s: Debates between "Reds" who favour ideological correctness and "Technocrats" who promote pragmatic reform.

 

E

1980-1990: Great improvement of China's food security. Significant reduction of rural poverty.

 

T

1980, June: Timothy Berners-Lee writes "Enquire" - a program that became the conceptual basis for the World Wide Web (www). External Link

 

E

1980, Aug.: First Special Economic Zones are established in Shenzhen. External Link Wikipedia0

 

T

1981, Sept.: Successful launch of three satellites (SJ-2, SJ-2A, SJ-2b) on one rocket into orbit. External Link Globalsecurity.org0

 

S

1982: China's population surpasses 1 billion people.

 

L

1982, Dec.: The Fifth National People's Congress adopts a new constitution for China. External Link

 

E

1984: 14 coastal cities are completely opened to foreign investment. External Link Wikipedia0

 

P

1984, Jan.: China joins the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) External Link

 

P

1984, April: State Council authorizes Yangtze Valley Planning Office to draft feasibility report for Three Gorges Dam project. External Link

 

D

1985: Free higher education is abolished and replaced by academic scholarships based on academic ability. External Link US Library of Congress, Country Profile: China. Feb. 20050

 

P

1985-1988: "Cultural Fever": Intellectuals identify China's "feudal" traditions as reason for backwardness.

 

D

1986: Legislation concerning compulsory education (usually 6 years).

 

P

1986: Thousands of students all over China are demonstrating for greater intellectual freedom.

 

I

1986: Foudation of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) External Link US Embassy in Beijing.0

 

E

1986: Deng Xiaoping boosts "Open-door" policy to encourage Foreign Direct Investments.

 

L

1986: The Sixth National People's Congress adpots new Civil Law of the People's Republic of China. External Link

 

L

1986-1995: Addministrative regulations of 1986 and 1996 allow forced labor camps for re-education (laodong jiaoyang). The New York Times, 2005

 

S

1987: Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) comes to China. Introduction of Western-style fast-food to China. External Link Time Magazine.0

 

P

1987, Jan.: The too "liberal" General Secretary of China's Communist Party, Hu Yaobang, is forced to resign External Link Wikipedia.0

 

P

1988: By mid-1988 the CCP annouces that its membership has increased to the all-time high of 47 million.

 

E

1988: Excessive economic growth with rampand corruption and out-of-control inflation of 18.5%.

 

C

1988-1993: Chinese movie directors win important international competitions.

 

T

1988, March: China successfully launches the DFH-2A fully operational communication satellite into earth's orbit.

 

C

1988, Nov.: TV series "River Elegy" is criticized as "wholesale Westernization" and banned. External Link

 

C

1989: France’s Hachette Filipacchi starts to publish a Chinese version of the fashion magazine "Elle".

 

V

1989: Revision of the environmental legislation from 1979.

 

P

1989: Jiang Zemin replaces Zhao Ziyang as CCP General Secretary.

 

P

1989, April: Hu Yaobang dies. External Link

 

P

1989, June: Crack down of Tiananmen Square demonstrations with military power (official death toll: 200) External Link Wikipedia, BBC

 

P

1989, June: In Madrid (Spain), the European Council of Ministers agrees to an EU-wide arms embargo against China.

 

The 1990s

 

H

1990: Tenthousands of blood plasma donors in rural areas are infected with HIV. External Link

 

M

1990: Modernization of the People's Liberation Army begins.

 

E

1989, Dec.: Stock markets are opened in Shanghai and Shenzhen. External Link

 

P

1990-2006: Waves of public protests, particularly in rural areas, are concerning the Chinese government. External Link Tanner, Murray Scot (2006)

 

E

1990-2004: The process of restructuring and / or closing of state-owned enterprises is accelerated.

 

S

1991: First McDonald's Restaurant opens in Beijing.

 

M

1992: China ratifies the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

 

E

1992: Deng Xiaoping accelerates market reforms to establish a "socialist market economy".

 

R

1992: Falun Gong religious movement was founded by Li Hongzhi from Changchun, Jilin province

 

V

1993: Production of the pesticide DDT is officially stopped (but illegally used for several subsequent years).

 

V

1993: Widespread concerns among environmentalists about the Three Gorges Dam project.

 

S

1994: The Chinese government launches its ambitious "8-7 Plan" for eliminating extreme poverty by the year 2000. External Link

 

T

1994: China connected to NSFNET (Internet).

 

R

1995: Massive program to rebuild Buddhist temples is started in the mid-1990s.

 

D

1995: Educational legislation stipulates a 9-year compulsory education. External Link

 

T

1994, Dec.: Start of the "Three Gorges Dam" project.

 

S

1995: Between 1978 and 2004 China reduced the population in severe poverty from 250 to some 26 million. External Link National Bureau of Statistics, Communiqué on 2004 Rural Poverty Monitoring0

 

C

1995: In the late 1990s lifestyle magazines begin to proliferate, promoting a new image of educated, elegant career women. External Link Landsberger's Chinese Propaganda Posters, Wikipedia

 

E

1995: Overheating of the economy: 17% Inflation rate.

 

V

1995, Oct.: Earthquake in Yunnan (6.5 at Richter scale). 50 people die and 6,000 are injured. 170,000 people homless. External Link US Geological Survey (USGS)0

 

M

1996: China acquires missile technology from two American companies: Hughes and Loral.

 

M

1996: Stop of the sub-terrain nuclear weapons test program.

 

T

1996, Feb.: China launches Long March 3B orbital carrier rocket for communication satellites. Wikipedia

 

P

1997, Feb.: Death of Deng Xiaoping. External Link BBC News.0

 

P

1997, July: China gets control over Hong Kong's sovereignty. External Link CIA, The World Fact Book, 20060

 

V

1997, Oct.: Certain environmental offenses are treated as crime and are included in the criminal code of China.

 

T

1998: The Microsoft and Intel corporations establish high-tech research facilities in Beijing. External Link

 

V

1998: WHO reports that of the ten most polluted cities in the world, seven can be found in China. External Link WHO

 

V

1998: Worst flooding in years - 230 million people affected and 3,656 dead. External Link US Library of Congress, Country Profile: China. Feb. 20050

 

P

1998: Zhu Rongji follows Li Peng as China's Premier.

 

E

1998-1999: Slow-down of the Chinese economy - partly due to Asian Financial Crisis.

 

I

1998, Jan.: Government cuts down redundant and inefficient manpower in the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science, Vol. 279. no. 5351, p. 6490

 

V

1998, April: One of the most devastating sandstorm in decades is raging in Beijing for two days, blocking sunlight. External Link

 

I

1998, Aug.: Chinese Government initiates "Project Yangtze" which provides special funds to leading researchers. External Link

 

M

1999: China develops the neutron bomb, which can be used for tactical purposes.

 

M

1999: The U.S. Cox-Dicks Committee accuses China of using espionage to steal neutron bomb and technology.

 

R

1999: The Falun Gong movement is declared illegal in China and a threat to national security.

 

P

1999: Cooling of US-China relations after NATO bombs Chinese embassy in Belgrade, former Yugoslavia.

 

D

1999, Jan.: New university legislation becomes effective. Gives greater autonomy to universities.

 

The 2000s

 

M

2000: China lounches Chinasat-22 (Zhongxing-22) communication satellite. Center for Nonproliferation Studies (2006): Current and Future Space Security. China: Military Programs. Web Site.

 

S

2000: Intensified anti-corruption activities. Former deputy chairman of People's Congress is executed for taking bribes.

 

D

2000: The Hanyu (Han language) Pinyin alphabet is written into law as unified standard for spelling and phonetic notation.

 

L

2000: Government consolidates Internet regulations for mainland China. External Link TIME, Financial Times, New York Times, Wikipedia

 

S

2000-2003: China begins long-distance population resettlement for the Three Gorges Dam project.

 

M

2000, Oct.: The GPS satellete Beidou 1A is launched into orbit.

 

R

2000, Oct.: The Vatican canonizes 120 "saints" that were "martyred" in China. External Link

 

O

2001: Beijing is awarded the 2008 Olympic Games. External Link

 

R

2001: Falun Gong (Falun Dafa) members stage mass demonstrations in Beijing despite outlaw of the movement.

 

P

2001, April: Major diplomatic crisis after US spy plane collides with Chinese fighter jet in mid-air and is forced to land.

 

P

2001, June: Growing tension across the Taiwan Strait.

 

E

2001, Nov.: After years of negotiations, China becomes a member of the World Trade Organization.

 

S

2001, Dec.: The Standing Committee of the 9th National People's Congress adopts "Population and Family Planning Law". External Link UN-ESCAP0

 

M

2002: China intensifies modernization of the People's Liberation Army. External Link

 

E

2002: Kentucky Fried Chicken (a subsidiary of Yum! Brands, Inc.) opens China's 700th KFC restaurant.

 

P

2002, Feb.: US President George W. Bush visits China.

 

I

2002, April: Chinese scientists publish the genome sequence of the most widely cultivated rice subspecies (Indica). External Link Science, Vol. 296. no. 5565, pp. 79 - 920

 

P

2002, Nov.: Hu Jintao replaces Jiang Zemin as head of the Communist Party.

 

H

2002, Nov.: Most likely first cases of SARS in Guangdong.

 

T

2003: First-ever fiber optic network connection across Russian-Chinese border (Internet).

 

H

2003: During spring SARS virus outbreak in Hong Kong and Guangdong becomes known to the public. Quarantines.

 

H

2003, Feb.: Two laboratories confirm avian influenza virus (H5N1) outbreak in Hong Kong. External Link WHO - Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response (EPR)0

 

P

2003, March: Hu Jintao is elected as President by National People's Congress.

 

M

2003, May: China launches the third (of three) Beidou-1 navigation satellites. Center for Nonproliferation Studies (2006): Current and Future Space Security. China: Military Programs. Web Site.

 

T

2003, Oct.: First manned spacecraft send into orbit by "Long March 2F". Astronaut Yang Liwei.

 

H

2004: The United Nations estimates that one million Chinese are infected with HIV (the virus that causes AIDS). External Link UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division

 

T

2004: CERNET2 is China's first IPv6 high-speed network by CERN connecting 25 universities

 

H

2004, June: Scientists are warning that China may be facing a major HIV/AIDS epidemic. Science, Vol. 304. no. 5676, pp. 1430 - 14320

 

M

2004, Sept.: Government deploys heavily armed troops to protect Three Gorges Dam against terrorist attacks. External Link BBC News

 

P

2004, Oct.: China signes agreement with Russia setteling their long-lasting border conflicts. External Link US Library of Congress, Country Profile: China. Feb. 20050

 

H

2005: WHO says: Of all children alive today in China, around 50 million will die prematurely from tobacco use related disease. External Link WHO

 

T

2004, Dec.: China has at least 94 million Internet users. External Link CNNIC (2005): 15th Statistical Survey Report on the Internet Development. Beijing0

 

T

2005: Researchers at the Institute of Computing Technology (CAS) develop powerful 64-bit processor "Godson-2". External Link Tom Halfhill, MAXIMUMPC, October 2005, p. 110

 

T

2005, June: China has at least 103 million Internet users, 45.6 million computer hosts, and 677,500 Web Sites. External Link CNNIC (2005): 15th Statistical Survey Report on the Internet Development. Beijing0

 

M

2005, July: State-owned Galileo Industries begins cooperation with EU's Galileo satellite navigation system.

 

M

2005, Aug.: Joint military maneuvers of China and Russia to "strengthen friendship".

 

T

2005, Oct.: Two astronauts sent into space, circling earth with "Shenzhou VI space capsule".

 

V

2005, Nov.: Water supply of Harbin city is cut off after high concentration of benzene in Songhua river.

 

V

2005, Nov.: Attempts by regional government officials to cover up the water pollution catastrophe in Harbin.

 

V

2005, Nov.: Major pollution of Songhua river after explosion of petrochemical plant in Jilin city (Jilin Province).

 

E

2006, Jan.: CNOOC, one of China's largest oil and gas producers buys a stake in a Nigerian offshore oil and gas field. External Link

 

H

2006, Jan.: China's Ministry of Health, the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and WHO publish report on AIDS. External Link Chinese Ministry of Health, UNAIDS, WHO

 

H

2006, Jan.: China's Ministry of Health confirms the country's 10th case of human infection with the avian influenza virus H5N1. External Link WHO - Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response (EPR)

 

P

2006, Feb.: Prominent elderly leaders protest in open letter against the Communist Party's secretive propaganda department. The New York Times, Feb. 15, 2006

 

C

2006, March: The Chinese inaugural edition of "Rolling Stone" magazine is immediately sold out. External Link

 

V

2006, June: China surpasses the United States in carbon dioxide emissions due to fossil fuel use and cement production. External Link Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)

 

M

2007, Jan.: China shoots down old weather satellite, demonstrating capability of destroying hostile spy satellites. External Link Craig Covault in Aviation Week & Space Technology

 

L

2007, March: New landmark law on urban land use adopted by National People's Congress. External Link Xinhua, AP

 

M

2007, May: China's military budget increases by 17.8% in 2007. External Link BBC, New York Times, Washington Post

 

V

2007, Oct.: Four million people have to be resettled within the next 10 to 15 years in the Three-Gorges Dam area.

 

T

2007, Oct.: Lunar orbiter Chang'e 1 lounched into space to explore the Earth's moon. External Link

 

E

2007, Nov.: French company Areva wins deal to build two nuclear reactors in the South of China.

 

T

2007, Dec.: Number of Internet Users in China reaches 210 million. External Link China Internet Network Information Center (CINNC): Statistical Survey Report on the Internet Development in China. January 2008

 

L

2007, Nov.-2008: Yahoo! accused of having provided information that led to imprisonment of civil rights activist in China. External Link

 

T

2007, Dec.: China celebrates launch of first domestically developed passenger jet Xiang Feng. External Link

 

P

2008, Feb.: U.S. Justice Department announces that several individuals are being charged with spying for China.

 

P

2008, March: Most violent ethnic protest in years erupt in Lhasa, Tibet's main city. External Link

 

P

2008, March: Xinhua reports 19 deaths in public unrest at Tibet's capital Lhasa. External Link

 

M

2008, March: China plans to increase its military budget by nearly 18%.

 

V

2008, May: Earthquake strikes Sichuan province: Death toll reaches 20,000.

 

V

2008, May: Death toll of May 12 earthquake rises to 40,075.

 

V

2008, June: Death toll of May 12 earthquake rises to 69,016, with more than 18,000 people still missing.

 

P

2008, Aug.: Hua Guofeng dies in Beijing aged 87.

 

O

2008, Aug.: China welcomes the world to the Beijing 2008 Olympic games. External Link

 

H

2008, Sept.: Sick toll in baby milk scandal raises to 13,000.

 

H

2008, Oct.: Wen Jiabao accepts responsibility for milk scandal that might have affected more than 50,000 children.

 

E

2008, Nov.: The government announces a $586 billion economic stimulus package. External Link

 

E

2009, Feb.: 20 million migrant workers may have lost their jobs in China due to global economic crisis.

 

E

2009, Feb.: China makes largest investment in foreign company. External Link http://www.riotinto.com/whoweare/Chinalco.asp

 

P

2009, July: Almost 200 people die and over 1,700 are injured in ethnic violence in Xinjiang. External Link BBC

 

P

2009, July: China demands that new personal computers come with filtering software "Green Dam Youth Escort". External Link

 

V

2009, Aug.: China surpasses the United States as the world's largest producer of household garbage. External Link New York Times, August 12, 2009, A11

 

C

2009, Sept.: Chinese state TV (CCTV) focusing on 300 million Russian viewers. External Link Guardian, 2009, 11 Sept. 2009

 

P

2009, Oct.: Mass celebrations to mark 60 years of Communist Party rule over China.

 

E

2009, Nov.: China is now the largest automobile market in the world.

 

E

2009, Dec.: New gas pipeline is opened between Turkmenistan and China. External Link http://www.china.org.cn/english/BAT/105031.htm

 

P

2010, Jan.: Google announces it will stop self-censoring its Internet search engine in China. External Link The Wall Street Journal

 

H

2010, March: China has some 90 million diabetics. New England Journal of Medicine

 

T

2010, March: Shaoxing is the maleware capital of the world in March 2010. External Link Symantec MessageLabs Intelligence Report, March 2010

 

P

2010, March: Google stops its Chinese Internet search engine and re-routes mainland Chinese users to its Hong Kong site. External Link The Wall Street Journal

 

V

2010, April: Earthquake of magnitude 7.1 on Richter scale hits southern Qinghai province. External Link Xinhua, BBC, Reuters

 

T

2010, May: China joins supercomputing elite. External Link ISC

 

L

2010, May: China reiterates ban of evidence obtained under torture. External Link BBC-News

 

L

2010, July: Chongqing's director of the municipal Judical Bureau, Wen Qiang, is executed for corruption. External Link Xinhua, 7 July 2010

 

P

2010, Oct.: Communist Party elders critizise censorship. External Link The Wall Street Journal

 

P

2010, Oct.: Jailed Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo wins 2010 Nobel Peace Price External Link BBC

 

P

2010, Oct.: Xi Jinping is appointed a vice chairman of the party's Central Military Commission External Link WSJ, BBC

 

O

2010, Nov.: China starts 2010 population census. External Link

 

M

2011, Jan.: China unveiles its new J-20 stealth fighter. External Link

 

P

2011, Jan.: Violent protests in southern fishing village of Wukan against land seizures by officials. External Link The Guardian, BBC

 

E

2011, Feb.: China overtakes Japan as world's second-biggest economy. External Link BBC, The Guardian

 

P

2011, April: The Chinese artist Ai Weiwei is arrested for "economic crimes". External Link

 

E

2011, July: Coca-Cola profits jump on sales to China. External Link

 

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2012, Jan.: China's urban population outnumbers its rural population. External Link National Bureau of Statistics of China

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china-profile.com - 18 April 2012