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10 years of turmoil at schools and universities seriously harm China's intellectual elites.




Primary and secondary schools are closed in 1966, but start operating by Fall 1967. However, their curricula are shortened and often dominated by political propaganda. In June of 1966, the system of university entrance examinations is halted. Few colleges and universities admit new students until the early 1970s and the selection of students is based on political loyalty and revolutionary zeal. According to Deng Xiaoping, the Cultural Revolution produced "an entire generation of mental cripples" by shutting down schools and replacing education by political agitation.



Han, Dongping (2000): The unknown cultural revolution: Educational reforms and their impact on China's rural development. New York (Garland Pub., East Asia Series)


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Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. - 18 April 2012