P

Policy

 

E

Economy

 

I

Science

   

T

Technology

 

V

Environ.

 

S

Society

 

C

Culture

 

M

Military

 

H

Health

 

L

Legal

 

D

Educat.

 

R

Religion

 

O

Other

 

The 1980s

 

E

1980: Special Economic Zones in Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou (Guangdong), Xiamen (Fujian), and the entire province of Hainan.

 

M

1980: Stop of the surface test program of nuclear bombs near Lop Nor in Xinjiang province after 23 tests.

 

P

1980: Early 1980s: Debates between "Reds" who favour ideological correctness and "Technocrats" who promote pragmatic reform.

 

E

1980 - 1990: Great improvement of China's food security. Significant reduction of rural poverty.

 

T

1980, June: Timothy Berners-Lee writes "Enquire" - a program that became the conceptual basis for the World Wide Web (www).

 

E

1980, August: First Special Economic Zones are established in Shenzhen.

 

T

1981, September: Successful launch of three satellites (SJ-2, SJ-2A, SJ-2b) on one rocket into orbit.

 

S

1982: China's population surpasses 1 billion people.

 

L

1982, December: The Fifth National People's Congress adopts a new constitution for China.

 

E

1984: 14 coastal cities are completely opened to foreign investment.

 

P

1984, January: China joins the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

 

P

1984, April: State Council authorizes Yangtze Valley Planning Office to draft feasibility report for Three Gorges Dam project.

 

D

1985: Free higher education is abolished and replaced by academic scholarships based on academic ability.

 

P

1985 - 1988: "Cultural Fever": Intellectuals identify China's "feudal" traditions as reason for backwardness.

 

D

1986: Legislation concerning compulsory education (usually 6 years).

 

P

1986: Thousands of students all over China are demonstrating for greater intellectual freedom.

 

I

1986: Foudation of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)

 

E

1986: Deng Xiaoping boosts "Open-door" policy to encourage Foreign Direct Investments.

 

L

1986: The Sixth National People's Congress adpots new Civil Law of the People's Republic of China.

 

L

1986 - 1995: Addministrative regulations of 1986 and 1996 allow forced labor camps for re-education (laodong jiaoyang).

 

S

1987: Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) comes to China. Introduction of Western-style fast-food to China.

 

P

1987, January: The too "liberal" General Secretary of China's Communist Party, Hu Yaobang, is forced to resign

 

P

1988: By mid-1988 the CCP annouces that its membership has increased to the all-time high of 47 million.

 

E

1988: Excessive economic growth with rampand corruption and out-of-control inflation of 18.5%.

 

C

1988 - 1993: Chinese movie directors win important international competitions.

 

T

1988, March: China successfully launches the DFH-2A fully operational communication satellite into earth's orbit.

 

C

1988, November: TV series "River Elegy" is criticized as "wholesale Westernization" and banned.

 

C

1989: France’s Hachette Filipacchi starts to publish a Chinese version of the fashion magazine "Elle".

 

V

1989: Revision of the environmental legislation from 1979.

 

P

1989: Jiang Zemin replaces Zhao Ziyang as CCP General Secretary.

 

P

1989, April: Hu Yaobang dies.

 

P

1989, June: Crack down of Tiananmen Square demonstrations with military power (official death toll: 200)

 

P

1989, June: In Madrid (Spain), the European Council of Ministers agrees to an EU-wide arms embargo against China.

 

E

1989, December: Stock markets are opened in Shanghai and Shenzhen.

Copyright © 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved.

china-profile.com - 30 Sept. 2012