P

1949, October: Proclamation of the People's Republic of China.

 

P

1949, December: Mao Zedong travels to Moscow to negotiate a friendship treaty with Joseph Stalin.

 

The 1950s

 

P

1950, February: China and the Soviet Union sign "Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance".

 

P

1951: Vatican and China break off diplomatic relations.

 

P

1951: United Nations places a global arms embargo on China because China's involvement in Korean War.

 

P

1956 - 1957: "Hundred Flowers" campaign misleads intellectuals to complain about problems.

 

P

1957 - 1958: "Anti-Rightist" Campaign is used by Mao to eliminate critical intellectuals.

 

P

1958: Begin of the "Great Leap Forward" campaign.

 

P

1959: Sino-Soviet relations deteriorate dramatically. The Soviet Union is restricting transfer of science and technology to China.

 

The 1960s

 

P

1964, January: China and France establish diplomatic relations. Taiwan's embassy in Paris is closed.

 

P

1965: Tibet becomes autonomous region.

 

P

1966: The "Little Red Book". Climax of Mao-cult.

 

P

1966 - 1976: Mao's political concept of a "permanent cultural revolution" paralyzes his political enemies.

 

P

1966 - 1976: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - a decade lost in anarchy and chaos.

 

P

1969: Mao Zedong anoints Lin Biao as his heir apparent.

 

The 1970s

 

P

1970 - 1976: "Gang of Four" with Mao's wife is trying to get influence by spearheading the "Cultural Revolution".

 

P

1970 - 1976: Mao Zedong is increasingly disappearing from public life due to health problems.

 

P

1971, July: Henry Kissinger secretly visits China.

 

P

1971, September: Lin Biao is killed in airplane crash while fleeing after an attempted military coup.

 

P

1971, November: The People's Republic replaces the Republic of China (Taiwan) in UN Security Council.

 

P

1972, February: Visit of US President Richard Nixon to China. Normalization between US and China begins.

 

P

1973: The rivalry between the USSR and China now affects every aspect their foreign policy.

 

P

1976, January: Death of Premier Zhou Enlai.

 

P

1976, September: Chairman Mao Zedong dies at the age of 82. "Gang of Four" with Mao's widow tries to get into power.

 

P

1977: Deng Xiaoping wins the power struggle after Mao's death.

 

P

1978 - 1979: "Democracy Wall" in Beijing with pro-democratic posters.

 

P

1979: Diplomatic relations are established between the US and China.

 

P

1979, January: U.S. President Jimmy Carter visits China.

 

The 1980s

 

P

1980: Early 1980s: Debates between "Reds" who favour ideological correctness and "Technocrats" who promote pragmatic reform.

 

P

1984, January: China joins the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

 

P

1984, April: State Council authorizes Yangtze Valley Planning Office to draft feasibility report for Three Gorges Dam project.

 

P

1985 - 1988: "Cultural Fever": Intellectuals identify China's "feudal" traditions as reason for backwardness.

 

P

1986: Thousands of students all over China are demonstrating for greater intellectual freedom.

 

P

1987, January: The too "liberal" General Secretary of China's Communist Party, Hu Yaobang, is forced to resign

 

P

1988: By mid-1988 the CCP annouces that its membership has increased to the all-time high of 47 million.

 

P

1989: Jiang Zemin replaces Zhao Ziyang as CCP General Secretary.

 

P

1989, April: Hu Yaobang dies.

 

P

1989, June: Crack down of Tiananmen Square demonstrations with military power (official death toll: 200)

 

P

1989, June: In Madrid (Spain), the European Council of Ministers agrees to an EU-wide arms embargo against China.

 

The 1990s

 

P

1990 - 2006: Waves of public protests, particularly in rural areas, are concerning the Chinese government.

 

P

1997, February: Death of Deng Xiaoping.

 

P

1997, July: China gets control over Hong Kong's sovereignty.

 

P

1998: Zhu Rongji follows Li Peng as China's Premier.

 

P

1999: Cooling of US-China relations after NATO bombs Chinese embassy in Belgrade, former Yugoslavia.

 

The 2000s

 

P

2001, April: Major diplomatic crisis after US spy plane collides with Chinese fighter jet in mid-air and is forced to land.

 

P

2001, June: Growing tension across the Taiwan Strait.

 

P

2002, February: US President George W. Bush visits China.

 

P

2002, November: Hu Jintao replaces Jiang Zemin as head of the Communist Party.

 

P

2003, March: Hu Jintao is elected as President by National People's Congress.

 

P

2004, October: China signes agreement with Russia setteling their long-lasting border conflicts.

 

P

2006, February: Prominent elderly leaders protest in open letter against the Communist Party's secretive propaganda department.

 

P

2008, February: U.S. Justice Department announces that several individuals are being charged with spying for China.

 

P

2008, March: Most violent ethnic protest in years erupt in Lhasa, Tibet's main city.

 

P

2008, March: Xinhua reports 19 deaths in public unrest at Tibet's capital Lhasa.

 

P

2008, August: Hua Guofeng dies in Beijing aged 87.

 

P

2009, July: Almost 200 people die and over 1,700 are injured in ethnic violence in Xinjiang.

 

P

2009, July: China demands that new personal computers come with filtering software "Green Dam Youth Escort".

 

P

2009, October: Mass celebrations to mark 60 years of Communist Party rule over China.

 

P

2010, January: Google announces it will stop self-censoring its Internet search engine in China.

 

P

2010, March: Google stops its Chinese Internet search engine and re-routes mainland Chinese users to its Hong Kong site.

 

P

2010, October: Communist Party elders critizise censorship.

 

P

2010, October: Jailed Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo wins 2010 Nobel Peace Price

 

P

2010, October: Xi Jinping is appointed a vice chairman of the party's Central Military Commission

 

P

2011, January: Violent protests in southern fishing village of Wukan against land seizures by officials.

 

P

2011, April: The Chinese artist Ai Weiwei is arrested for "economic crimes".

Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved.

china-profile.com - 30 Sept. 2012