The 1950s

 

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1956, September: The Sino-Soviet agreement on technological aid in the field of nuclear industry is signed in Moscow.

 

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1958 - 1961: Mao's program of rural industrialization leads to absurd technology of backyard furnaces for steel production.

 

The 1960s

 

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1960: With availability of gasoline and electricity in the 1960s, farmers begin to use tube wells for irrigation in Northern China.

 

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1960, July: Khrushchev recalls Soviet advisors and technical experts in China. Open conflict between China and USSR.

 

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1968: The Space Flight Medical Research Centre is founded in preparation for manned space flights (led by Tsien Hsueshen).

 

The 1970s

 

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1970: First satellite launch ("Long March").

 

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1971, March: Successful launch of the SJ-1 statellite into orbit with two scientific payloads (detecting cosmic rays).

 

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1978, September: E-mail link is established between Germany and China (CSNET protocol). First message from China: Sept. 20.

 

The 1980s

 

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1980, June: Timothy Berners-Lee writes "Enquire" - a program that became the conceptual basis for the World Wide Web (www).

 

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1981, September: Successful launch of three satellites (SJ-2, SJ-2A, SJ-2b) on one rocket into orbit.

 

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1988, March: China successfully launches the DFH-2A fully operational communication satellite into earth's orbit.

 

The 1990s

 

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1994: China connected to NSFNET (Internet).

 

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1994, December: Start of the "Three Gorges Dam" project.

 

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1996, February: China launches Long March 3B orbital carrier rocket for communication satellites.

 

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1998: The Microsoft and Intel corporations establish high-tech research facilities in Beijing.

 

The 2000s

 

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2003: First-ever fiber optic network connection across Russian-Chinese border (Internet).

 

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2003, October: First manned spacecraft send into orbit by "Long March 2F". Astronaut Yang Liwei.

 

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2004: CERNET2 is China's first IPv6 high-speed network by CERN connecting 25 universities

 

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2004, December: China has at least 94 million Internet users.

 

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2005: Researchers at the Institute of Computing Technology (CAS) develop powerful 64-bit processor "Godson-2".

 

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2005, June: China has at least 103 million Internet users, 45.6 million computer hosts, and 677,500 Web Sites.

 

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2005, October: Two astronauts sent into space, circling earth with "Shenzhou VI space capsule".

 

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2007, October: Lunar orbiter Chang'e 1 lounched into space to explore the Earth's moon.

 

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2007, December: Number of Internet Users in China reaches 210 million.

 

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2007, December: China celebrates launch of first domestically developed passenger jet Xiang Feng.

 

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2010, March: Shaoxing is the maleware capital of the world in March 2010.

 

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2010, May: China joins supercomputing elite.

Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved.

china-profile.com - 30 Sept. 2012